PAST & PRESENT TENSES
1.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in the box. Use the past simple or the past continuous.
1 While we WERE LISTENING (LISTEN) to music, the phone RANG (RING)
2 When the postman DELIVERED (DELIVER) the package, we WERE HAVING (HAVE) our breakfast.
2.- Write sentences. Use the past simple or the present perfect simple.
1 he / go / China / last year.
HE WENT TO CHINA LAST YEAR.
2 she / finish / school / yet?
HAS SHE FINISHED SCHOOL YET?
3.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in bold. Use the past simple or the past perfect simple.
1 By the time the students ARRIVED the film HAD BEGUN (arrive/ begin)
2 HAD Celia ever TRIED Chinese food before she MOVED to Shanghai? (try/ move)
4.- Write sentences. Use suitable past or present tenses.
1 I / wait for / my girlfriend / to call / now – she / phone / every day / 8 p.m.
I AM WAITING FOR MY GIRLFRIEND TO CALL NOW – SHE PHONES EVERY DAY AT 8 P.M.
2 While / he / wait / for / me / to arrive, / he / fall / asleep.
WHILE HE WAS WAITING FOR ME TO ARRIVE, HE FELL ASLEEP.
5.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in bold. Use the future with willor going to.
1 When I finish school, I AM GOING TO STUDY physics in Madrid. (study)
2 I promise I WILL CALL you when we arrive. (call)
6.- Write sentences. Use the present simple or the present continuous.
1 we / go / the cinema / with / Javi / this evening.
WE ARE GOING TO THE CINEMA WITH JAVI THIS EVENING.
2 the plane / from Switzerland / land / 2.45 a.m.
THE PLANE FROM SWITZERLAND LANDS AT 2.45 A. M.
7.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in the box. Use the future continuous or the future perfect.
1 The students WILL HAVE RECEIVED(receive)their results by Friday.
2 WILL you BE FINISHING (finish) late tonight?
8.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in bold.
1 I’ll call you as soon as I GET my results. (get)
2 Thomas is going to Madrid as soon as the term HAS FINISHED / FINISHED (finish)
3 My brother will send me an email when he ARRIVESin Paris. (arrive)
9.- Join the sentences. Use relative pronouns only if necessary. Use thatinstead of other relative pronouns if possible.
1 This is a singer. She was born in Germany.
THIS IS A SINGER WHO/THAT WAS BORN IN GERMANY.
2 I think that Robert de Niro is a great actor. He was born in 1943.
I THINK THAT ROBERT DE NIRO, WHO WAS BORN IN 1943, IS A GREAT ACTOR.
3 My car was given to me by my aunt. It’s very small.
MY CAR, WHICH IS VERY SMALL, WAS GIVEN TO ME BY MY AUNT.
4 This is a coat. Paula wants to buy this coat.
THIS IS A COAT WHICH/THAT PAULA WANTS TO BUY.
10.- Write the following sentences in reported speech:
- STATEMENT: “We don’t worry if people spend too much money”, the director said
- THE DIRECTOR SAID THAT HE DIDN’T WORRY IS PEOPLE SPENT TOO MUCH MONEY.
- WH-QUESTION: Michael asked her: “Where did you buy these trainers?”
- MICHAEL ASKED HER WHERE SHE HAD BOUGHT THOSE TRAINERS.
- AFFIRMATIVE COMMAND: “Buy me the paper if you’re going out”, Alice asked her brother
- ALICE ASKED HER BROTHER TO BUY HER THE PAPER IF HE WAS GOING OUT.
- YES-NO QUESTION: The doctor asked: “Do you ever feel this pain in your stomach?”
- THE DOCTOR ASKED IF I EVER FELT THAT PAIN IN MY STOMACH.
- NEGATIVE COMMAND: Mary said to Helen: “Don’t ever marry again”.
- MARY TOLD HELEN NOT TO MARRY EVER AGAIN.
- SUGGESTION: “Let’s go out for dinner tonight”, he said
- HE SUGGESTED GOING OUT FOR DINNER THAT NIGHT.
- HE SUGGESTED THAT WE GO OUT FOR DINNER THAT NIGHT.
- SUGGESTION: She said, “Why doesn’t she buy a new computer?”
- SHE SUGGESTED THAT SHE BUY A NEW COMPUTER. (Si lo tomamos como una sugerencia)
- SHE ASKED WHY SHE DIDN’T BUY A NEW COMPUTER. (Si lo tomamos como una pregunta)
11.- CAN / COULD
1 CAN HE SPEAK Arabic? (he/ speak)
2 COULD YOU SWIM well when you were a child? (you/ swim)
12.- Complete the text with the words in the box.
can reveal may help might tell ought to make should make sure should notice shouldn’t use
A person’s body language can revealwhat they are really trying to say. These tips (1) MAY HELP you to understand other people’s body language.
You (2) SHOULD NOTICE the differences between what people say and what they do with
their bodies and faces – for example, somebody (3) MIGHT TELL you they’re happy while frowning.
In some countries, you (4)OUGHT TO MAKEeye contact to show that you are interested in what a speaker is saying.
You (5) SHOULD MAKE SURE that your own tone of voice is appropriate – if you’re saying sorry, you (6) SHOULDN’T USE a happy tone of voice.
13.- Rewrite the sentences. Use an affirmative or negative modal perfect form of the verbs in bold.
1 I wish you had told me you were going to wear a suit. (could)
YOU COULD HAVE TOLD ME YOU WERE GOING TO WEAR A SUIT.
2 It’s possible that they went out for dinner. (might)
THEY MIGHT HAVE GONE OUT FOR DINNER.
3 I’m sure that Tom was happy to see you. (must)
TOM MUST HAVE BEEN HAPPY TO SEE YOU.
4 It was wrong of Kim to point her palm at somebody in Greece. (should)
KIM SHOULDN’T HAVE POINTED HER ARM AT SOMEBODY IN GREECE.
5 It’s impossible you saw Sian because she’s on holiday. (can)
YOU CAN’T HAVE SEEN SIAN BECAUSE SHE’S ON HOLIDAY
14.- Rewrite the following sentences in the passive voice
- The police are investigating him.
- HE IS BEING INVESTIGATED BY THE POLICE.
- Someone stole my wife’s car yesterday.
- MY WIFE’S CAR WAS STOLEN YESTERDAY.
- The director of the show didn’t choose me at the casting.
- I WASN’T CHOSEN BY THE DIRECTOR OF THE SHOW AT THE CASTING.
- I WASN’T CHOSEN AT THE CASTING BY THE DIRECTOR OF THE SHOW.
- Spanish Engineers have invented a new instrument.
- A NEW INSTRUMENT HAS BEEN INVENTED BY SPANISH ENGINEERS.
- People were accusing me of the robbery.
- I WAS BEING ACCUSED OF THE ROBBERY.
15.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the words in bold.
1 At the moment, my neighbours ARE GETTING A SWIMMING POOL BUILT in their garden. (get/ a swimming pool/ build)
2 I’ve just got back from the garage. I’ve finally HAD THE OIL CHANGED in my car.
(have/ the oil/ change)
3 These clothes and shoes are so dirty – you must GET THEM CLEANED (get/ them/ clean)
4 My dad might HAVE A NEW SUIT MADE last week. (have/ a new suit/ make)
16.- Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
- If you had written a note, you WOULDN’T HAVE FORGOTTEN (NOT FORGET) to take your medicine.
- If he SPOKE (SPEAK) a foreign language, he would get a better job.
- I would have been exhausted if I HAD SWUM (SWIM) such a long distance.
- If there WERE (BE) monsters in lakes, people could not have a holiday near them.
- If he DOESN’T STUDY (NOT STUDY), he won’t go to University.
17.- Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first sentence. Use the first, second or third conditional.
1 Rain is the only thing that will stop us from having a picnic tomorrow.
IF IT DOESN’T RAIN, WE WILL HAVE A PICNIC TOMORROW.
2 He didn’t make a lot of money for charity because he didn’t ask many people to sponsor him.
IF HE HAD ASKED MANY PEOPLE TO SPONSOR HIM, HE WOULD HAVE MADE A LOT OF MONEY FOR CHARITY.
3 I don’t know how much money he earns, so I can’t tell you.
If I KNEW HOW MUCH MONEY HE EARNS, I COULD / WOULD TELL YOU.
4 It would be nice to have a lot of money because I’d set up a charity.
If I HAD A LOT OF MONEY, I WOULD SET UP A CHARITY.
5 He made her go to bed or she would have fallen asleep at her desk.
If HE HADN’T MADE HER GO TO BED, SHE WOULD HAVE FALLEN ASLEEP AT HER DESK.
6 I haven’t got any spare money, so I can’t make a donation.
If I HAD SOME SPARE MONEY, I COULD/WOULD MAKE A DONATION.
7 The doorbell might ring. Will you open the door?
If THE DOORBELL RINGS, WILL YOU OPEN THE DOOR?
8 It’s a shame they were late for the match because they missed the goal.
If HADN’T BEEN LATE FOR THE MATCH, THEY WOULDN’T HAVE MISSED THE GOAL.
INFINITIVE AND GERUNDS
18.- Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in bold. Use a gerund or an infinitive.
1 EATING in the museum is forbidden. (eat)
2 I’m going to my aunt’s house TO DELIVER a parcel. (deliver)
3 She flew to New York TO SEE her family. (see)
4 I’m too tired TO GO hiking tomorrow.
5 Did you do anything else on your holiday apart from GOING SIGHTSEEING / GOING TO THE BEACH / GOING SHOPPING / PRACTISING YOUR ENGLISH?
6 They haven’t got enough time TO VISIT / TO SEE the Parthenon in Athens.
7 Where did you go after TRAVELLING around Spain?
8 Have you been looking forward to SLEEPING(sleep) in a tent?
9 We might end up CAMPING (camp) if we run out of money.
10 She plansTO VISIT (visit) the Tower of Pisa while she’s in Italy.
Here you have a few links to some interesting web sites:
Grammar & vocabulary
Listening, reading, speaking, writing, videos, etc. (also grammar & vocabulary)
Surf the net and you'll find lots of them
Convocamos a todos los interesados en realizar las pruebas de Cambridge English en nuestro Centro para la obtención del Certificado B1 y B2 de inglés, según lo establecido en el Marco Europeo de Lenguas Extranjeras, a una reunión informativa con el Delegado de zona el Martes 19 de Abril a las 18:30 h. en la sala de Usos Múltiples del Instituto. En dicha reunión, les informaremos de las condiciones específicas de estas pruebas: posibles fechas, tasas, modelo de examen, etc... y atenderemos sus dudas y preguntas. Más información: https://vlec.es
Movies in English you can see this week in Zaragoza.
Welcome to this soon to be English departerment web section. Stay tunned.....